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XELJANZ / XELJANZ XR (tofacitinib) Highlights

HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION

These highlights do not include all the information needed to use XELJANZ/XELJANZ XR safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for XELJANZ/XELJANZ XR.

XELJANZ® (tofacitinib) tablets, for oral use
XELJANZ® XR (tofacitinib) extended-release tablets, for oral use
Initial U.S. Approval: 2012

WARNING: SERIOUS INFECTIONS, MORTALITY, MALIGNANCY AND THROMBOSIS

See full prescribing information for complete boxed warning.

  • Serious infections leading to hospitalization or death, including tuberculosis and bacterial, invasive fungal, viral, and other opportunistic infections, have occurred. (5.1)
  • If a serious infection develops, interrupt XELJANZ/XELJANZ XR until the infection is controlled. (5.1)
  • Prior to starting XELJANZ/XELJANZ XR, perform a test for latent tuberculosis; if it is positive, start treatment for tuberculosis prior to starting XELJANZ/XELJANZ XR. (5.1)
  • Monitor all patients for active tuberculosis during treatment, even if the initial latent tuberculosis test is negative. (5.1)
  • Thrombosis, including pulmonary embolism, deep venous thrombosis and arterial thrombosis have occurred in patients treated with XELJANZ and other Janus kinase inhibitors. Rheumatoid arthritis patients with at least one cardiovascular (CV) risk factor had a higher rate of all-cause mortality and thrombosis with XELJANZ 10 mg twice daily vs. 5 mg twice daily or TNF blockers. (5.2, 5.4)
  • Lymphoma and other malignancies have been observed in patients treated with XELJANZ, including an increased rate of Epstein Barr Virus-associated post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder. (5.3)

RECENT MAJOR CHANGES

Boxed Warning 07/2019
Indications and Usage (1) 12/2019
Dosage and Administration (2.2) 12/2019
Dosage and Administration (2.3) 12/2019
Warnings and Precautions (5.2) 07/2019
Warnings and Precautions (5.4) 07/2019

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

XELJANZ/XELJANZ XR is a Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor.

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis: XELJANZ/XELJANZ XR is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with moderately to severely active rheumatoid arthritis who have had an inadequate response or intolerance to methotrexate. It may be used as monotherapy or in combination with methotrexate or other nonbiologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs).
    • Limitations of Use: Use of XELJANZ/XELJANZ XR in combination with biologic DMARDs or potent immunosuppressants such as azathioprine and cyclosporine is not recommended. (1)
  • Psoriatic Arthritis: XELJANZ/XELJANZ XR is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with active psoriatic arthritis who have had an inadequate response or intolerance to methotrexate or other disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs).
    • Limitations of Use: Use of XELJANZ/XELJANZ XR in combination with biologic DMARDs or potent immunosuppressants such as azathioprine and cyclosporine is not recommended. (1)
  • Ulcerative Colitis: XELJANZ/XELJANZ XR is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis (UC), who have had an inadequate response or who are intolerant to TNF blockers.
    • Limitations of Use: Use of XELJANZ/XELJANZ XR in combination with biological therapies for UC or with potent immunosuppressants such as azathioprine and cyclosporine is not recommended. (1)

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Administration Instructions

  • Do not initiate XELJANZ/XELJANZ XR if absolute lymphocyte count <500 cells/mm3, an absolute neutrophil count (ANC) <1000 cells/mm3 or hemoglobin <9 g/dL. (2.1)

Recommended Dosage

Rheumatoid Arthritis

  • XELJANZ 5 mg twice daily or XELJANZ XR 11 mg once daily. (2.2)
  • Recommended dosage in patients with moderate and severe renal impairment or moderate hepatic impairment is XELJANZ 5 mg once daily. (2, 8.7, 8.8)

Psoriatic Arthritis (in combination with nonbiologic DMARDs)

  • XELJANZ 5 mg twice daily or XELJANZ XR 11 mg once daily. (2.2)
  • Recommended dosage in patients with moderate and severe renal impairment or moderate hepatic impairment is XELJANZ 5 mg once daily. (2, 8.7, 8.8)

Ulcerative Colitis

  • Induction: XELJANZ 10 mg twice daily or XELJANZ XR 22 mg once daily for 8 weeks; evaluate patients and transition to maintenance therapy depending on therapeutic response. If needed, continue XELJANZ 10 mg twice daily or XELJANZ XR 22 mg once daily for a maximum of 16 weeks. Discontinue XELJANZ 10 mg twice daily or XELJANZ XR 22 mg once daily after 16 weeks if adequate therapeutic response is not achieved. (2.3)
  • Maintenance: XELJANZ 5 mg twice daily or XELJANZ XR 11 mg once daily. For patients with loss of response during maintenance treatment, XELJANZ 10 mg twice daily or XELJANZ XR 22 mg once daily may be considered and limited to the shortest duration, with careful consideration of the benefits and risks for the individual patient. Use the lowest effective dose needed to maintain response. (2.3)
  • Dosage adjustment is needed in patients with moderate and severe renal impairment or moderate hepatic impairment: see full prescribing information. (2.3)

Dosage Adjustment

  • See the full prescribing information for dosage adjustments by indication for patients receiving CYP2C19 and/or CYP3A4 inhibitors; in patients with moderate or severe renal impairment or moderate hepatic impairment; and patients with lymphopenia, neutropenia, or anemia. (2.2, 2.3, 8.7, 8.8)
  • Use of XELJANZ/XELJANZ XR in patients with severe hepatic impairment is not recommended in any patient population. (2.2, 2.3, 8.8)

DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

XELJANZ Tablets: 5 mg, 10 mg tofacitinib (3)

XELJANZ XR Tablets: 11 mg, 22 mg tofacitinib (3)

CONTRAINDICATIONS

None (4)

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

  • Serious Infections: Avoid use of XELJANZ/XELJANZ XR during an active serious infection, including localized infections. (5.1)
  • Thrombosis, including pulmonary, deep venous and arterial, some fatal: Reported more commonly in patients treated with XELJANZ 10 mg twice daily compared to 5 mg twice daily. Avoid XELJANZ/XELJANZ XR in patients at risk. Promptly evaluate patients with symptoms of thrombosis and discontinue XELJANZ/XELJANZ XR. (5.4)
  • Gastrointestinal Perforations: Use with caution in patients that may be at increased risk. (5.5)
  • Laboratory Monitoring: Recommended due to potential changes in lymphocytes, neutrophils, hemoglobin, liver enzymes and lipids. (5.7)
  • Immunizations: Live vaccines: Avoid use with XELJANZ/XELJANZ XR. (5.8)

ADVERSE REACTIONS

Most common adverse reactions are:

  • Rheumatoid and Psoriatic Arthritis: Reported during the first 3 months in rheumatoid arthritis controlled clinical trials and occurring in ≥2% of patients treated with XELJANZ monotherapy or in combination with DMARDs: upper respiratory tract infection, nasopharyngitis, diarrhea, and headache. (6.1)
  • Ulcerative Colitis: Reported in ≥5% of patients treated with either 5 mg or 10 mg twice daily of XELJANZ and ≥1% greater than reported in patients receiving placebo in either the induction or maintenance clinical trials: nasopharyngitis, elevated cholesterol levels, headache, upper respiratory tract infection, increased blood creatine phosphokinase, rash, diarrhea, and herpes zoster. (6.1)

To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Pfizer, Inc. at 1-800-438-1985 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.

DRUG INTERACTIONS

See full prescribing information for clinically relevant drug interactions. (2, 7)

USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

Lactation: Advise not to breastfeed. (8.2)

See 17 for PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION and Medication Guide.

Revised: 12/2019

What's New

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